Jan - 25 - 2016

All you need to know about cavities

Cavities are one of the most common dental problems people have, yet few of them know exactly what they are and why they appear. Essentially, cavities are a form of tooth decay that can affect both the outer coating of a tooth called enamel as well as the inner part of the tooth called dentin. Those who have ever visited an Ottawa oral hygiene specialist have probably received some information about this problem, but this is what everyone should know:

Who gets cavities?


Even though some people think that cavities only appear in children, that fact is that they appear throughout the course of life of an adult because of the various lifestyle choice that we make along with other factors. As people get older, their gums pull away from the teeth, thus exposit them to plaque, which in turn leads to cavities. Those who usually eat a lot of sugary products are more prone to developing cavities, because sugar leads to plaque build-up. Other people get cavities because they lack Calcium and other vitamins that normally strengthen your enamel.


How can I determine if I have a cavity?


Usually, one of the most obvious indicators that you have a cavity is if your tooth hurts, not necessarily in contact with a sudden temperature change. In these cases the infection has most likely reached a nerve and it should be treated as soon as possible to avoid other complications. Another symptom that you could be dealing with a cavity is sugar sensitivity. If a tooth hurts every time you eat a piece of chocolate or a caramel, you should make an appointment with a local dentist. Moreover, a frequent bad breath can also be an indicator of a hidden cavity, so if you still feel that you have a bad breath even soon after you have washed your teeth, you should consider it as a warning sign.

How can a cavity be treated?


The treatment depends on the severity of the situation. If the cavity has extend to one of your nerves, you may need a root canal treatment, but if it is only on the surface of your tooth, a single visit to the dentist could solve it. This is why it is so important to go to the dentist once every six months, because he will be able to catch any problem from an early stage and the treatment will not be as stressful and time-consuming.


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